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DataDog vs Prometheus - Comprehensive Comparison Guide [2024]

ยท 10 min read
Ankit Anand

Both DataDog and Prometheus are application monitoring tools aimed to improve application performance. While Datadog is a cloud-based SaaS solution, meaning there's no need to install or maintain any infrastructure, Prometheus is an open-source tool that requires manual download and installation on your infrastructure. Let us compare DataDog and Prometheus to see which tool suits

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The biggest difference between Datadog and Prometheus is that while Prometheus is open-source, Datadog is proprietary. To use Prometheus, you will have to install it in your own infrastructure. Datadog provides a SaaS service to which you can send your monitoring data to.

In this article, we will explore the differences between DataDog and Prometheus based on these categories:

  • Getting started
  • Features
  • Pricing

We will also explore the key features of DataDog and Prometheus.

While DataDog and Prometheus are great monitoring tools, they have their limitations. DataDog is an enterprise SaaS tool with complex pricing tiers. Prometheus is an open-source metrics monitoring tool with limited UI and requires effort to set up and scale.
You can check out SigNoz - an open-source APM tool that provides metrics, traces, and logs under a single pane of glass.

Comparing DataDog and Prometheusโ€‹

The major difference between DataDog and Prometheus lies in the scope of monitoring that each tool covers. DataDog is an enterprise SaaS tool that offers products that cover the entire domain of monitoring.

On the other hand, Prometheus is an open-source metrics monitoring tool used to monitor metrics or time-series data.

Some of the key differences between DataDog and Prometheus at a glance:

CategoriesDatadogPrometheus
DeploymentCloud-based SaaS solutionManual download
Data collectionUses pre-built connectorsUses exporters
Data VisualizationPre-built and custom visualizationsBuilt-in expression browser
Real-time monitoringProvides real time monitoringUtilizes a pull-based model for real-time monitoring
Machine learningProvides diverse machine learning capabilitiesNo support for machine learning
Search capabilitiesRobust search interfaceUses PromQL
PricingCloud-based, PaidOpen source, free
SupportComprehensive documentation, email and chat supportDocumentation and community support

Getting Started - Datadog is easierโ€‹

Datadog:โ€‹

Deployment: Datadog is a cloud-based SaaS solution, meaning there's no need to install or maintain any infrastructure. Simply sign up, install the Datadog Agent on your infrastructure, and begin sending metrics and logs to the platform.

Data Collection: Datadog can collect data from a myriad of sources using integrations. These pre-built connectors allow data collection from specific technologies or platforms. Custom integrations are also supported.

Prometheus:โ€‹

Deployment: Being open-source, Prometheus requires manual download and installation on your infrastructure. It comprises various components, including the Prometheus server, exporters, and client libraries.

Data Collection: Prometheus uses exporters to collect data. An exporter exposes metrics in a format that Prometheus can scrape. Numerous exporters are available for different technologies.

Features - Datadog has much more to offerโ€‹

Datadog:โ€‹

Data Visualization: Offers a plethora of visualization tools, including dashboards, graphs, and maps. Custom visualizations are also supported.

Real-time Monitoring: Provides real-time monitoring through metrics, logs, and traces. Distributed tracing is available to track individual request performance.

Search Capabilities: A robust search interface with various filters and operators. Anomaly detection using machine learning identifies unusual data patterns.

Machine Learning: Features like anomaly detection and forecasting are driven by machine learning. Custom ML models can also be built.

DataDog dashboard for traces
DataDog dashboard for traces

Prometheus:โ€‹

Data Visualization: Comes with a built-in expression browser for data exploration. However, for advanced visualization, integration with Grafana is common.

Real-time Monitoring: Regularly scrapes metrics from targets for real-time monitoring. Recording rules pre-aggregate data for easier real-time analysis.

Search Capabilities: Uses PromQL, a query language, to search through its time-series database. PromDash, a dashboard builder, allows custom dashboard creation using PromQL queries.

Prometheus charts functionality
Prometheus charts are limited in functionality

Pricing - Prometheus is free(but has infra costs), Datadog can blow up billsโ€‹

Datadog:โ€‹

Offers a free trial. Post-trial, users can opt for various paid plans based on data volume and feature requirements. Plans are categorized into Essential, Pro, and Enterprise tiers.

But you need to ask whether getting Datadog is worth it or not.

Prometheus:โ€‹

Being open-source, it's free to download and use. However, associated costs might arise from hosting and maintaining the necessary infrastructure.

Key Features of DataDogโ€‹

DataDog is an enterprise SaaS tool that offers an array of services in the monitoring domain. Some of the key features of the DataDog monitoring platform includes:

  • Log Management
    DataDog offers scalable log ingestion and analytics through its log management product. You can search, filter, and analyze log data through its dashboard. You can route all your logs from one central control panel.

  • Application performance monitoring
    DataDog's APM tool provides end-to-end distributed tracing from frontend devices to databases. You can connect the collected traces to infrastructure metrics, network calls, and live processes.

  • Security monitoring
    Using DataDog security monitoring, you can analyze operational and security logs in real-time. It provides built-in threshold and anomaly detection rules to detect threats quickly.

  • Network monitoring
    With DataDog network monitoring, you can analyze traffic as it flows across applications, containers, availability zones, and on-premise servers. You can track key network metrics like TCP retransmits, latency, and connection churn.

  • Real user monitoring
    With DataDog's real user Monitoring, you can have end-to-end visibility into user journeys for web and mobile applications.

Key Features of Prometheusโ€‹

Prometheus was initially developed at SoundCloud in 2012 before being released as an open-source project. It got accepted into the CloudNative Computing Foundation in 2016 and was the second project to graduate from the foundation, following Kubernetes.

Prometheus enables you to capture time-series data as metrics. These metrics can be aggregated to give insights into the behavior of our systems.

Some of the key features of Prometheus metrics monitoring are:

  • Multi-dimensional data model Prometheus stores data as time-series. For example, it can store time-stamped values of the total number of HTTP requests received. You can also store an optional set of key-value pairs called labels for that metric. The multi-dimensional data model enables rich contextual metrics monitoring. Notation of time-series metrics:
<metric name>{<label name>=<label value>, ...}
  • Flexible query language
    Prometheus provides a query language called PromQL. Using PromQL, you can filter and aggregate metrics data in real-time.

  • Pull model data collection
    In contrast to most APM tools, Prometheus data collection is pull-based. It requires you to run an HTTP server that exposes Prometheus metrics.

  • Alert manager
    You can use a rules.yml file to set alerts for critical issues. You need to install the alert manager to get useful notifications from Prometheus. It has some cool features like grouping alerts into one notification and silencing alerts for a period of time.

  • Visualization layer
    The visualization layer of Prometheus is basic, but it can be combined with Grafana - another open-source web visualization tool to create rich visualizations of monitoring data.

A better alternative to DataDog and Prometheus - SigNozโ€‹

SigNoz is a full-stack open-source application performance monitoring and observability tool which can be used in place of DataDog and Prometheus. SigNoz is built to give SaaS like user experience combined with the perks of open-source software. It provides metrics, logs, and traces under a single pane of glass.

Key architecture features:

  • Native OpenTelemetry support
    SigNoz is built to support OpenTelemetry natively, which is quietly becoming the world standard to generate and manage telemetry data.

  • Uses Columnar database
    SigNoz uses Clickhouse as its datastore. Many big companies like Uber and Cloudflare have been shifting to ClickHouse as their choice of observability datastore.

SigNoz comes with out of box visualization of things like RED metrics.

You can also use flamegraphs to visualize spans from your trace data. All of this comes out of the box with SigNoz.

You can also build custom metrics dashboard for your infrastructure.

Some of the things SigNoz can help you track:

  • Visualise Traces, Metrics, and Logs in a single pane of glass
  • Monitor application metrics like p99 latency, error rates for your services, external API calls, and individual endpoints.
  • Find the root cause of the problem by going to the exact traces which are causing the problem and see detailed flamegraphs of individual request traces.
  • Run aggregates on trace data to get business-relevant metrics
  • Filter and query logs, build dashboards and alerts based on attributes in logs
  • Monitor infrastructure metrics such as CPU utilization or memory usage
  • Record exceptions automatically in Python, Java, Ruby, and Javascript
  • Easy to set alerts with DIY query builder

Getting started with SigNozโ€‹

SigNoz cloud is the easiest way to get started with SigNoz. You can sign up for a free account here.

You can also self-host SigNoz. Get started with self-hosted SigNoz using just three commands at your terminal.

git clone -b main https://github.com/SigNoz/signoz.git
cd signoz/deploy/
./install.sh

For more installation options, please visit our documentation.

Deployment Docs

You can check out SigNoz's GitHub repo here ๐Ÿ‘‡

SigNoz GitHub repo


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